, Sassou Nguesso aligned the country with the Eastern Bloc and signed a twenty-year friendship pact with the Soviet Union. Bureau of African Affairs. © 2020 Guardian News & Media Limited or its affiliated companies. The methods were often brutal: construction of the Congo–Ocean Railroad following World War I has been estimated to have cost at least 14,000 lives.. This area of the DRC is surrounded by plateaus merging into savannas in the south and southwest, by mountainous terraces in the west, and by dense grasslands extending beyond the Congo River in the north. (in Norwegian, Bokmål) October 1, 2020 DR Congo: Take Concrete Steps to End Impunity. Followers of Islam make up 1.6%; this is primarily due to an influx of foreign workers into the urban centers. DRC is divided into 25 provinces. Angola's Cabinda exclave also borders DRC in this direction. Access Congo, Democratic Republic of’s economy facts, statistics, project information, development research from experts and latest news. This soil is almost fixed in place because of the lack of erosion in the forests. Comprehensive guide to the Democratic Republic of Congo by WCS (pdf). Wildlife Conservation Society A symbol of hope for ending the war in DRC. Stanley at 5,110 m; the lowest point of the country is the Atlantic Ocean (0 m). Carpeted by huge swaths of rainforest and punctuated by gushing rivers and smoking volcanoes, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC, formerly Zaire) is the ultimate African adventure. The Democratic Republic of the Congo holds 65 percent of the world's cobalt reserves and both countries rely on oil, sugar, and other natural resources. DRC also has a coastline on the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The capital, Kinshasa, is located on the Congo River about 320 miles (515 km) from its mouth. The Congo River is 4,398 km long.  It also received a local legislature after the adoption of the 1946 constitution that established the Fourth Republic. In addition to the ITCZ, elevation and proximity to the Atlantic Ocean and its maritime influences also act as factors of climatic differentiation. Omissions? World Factbook -- Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is an equatorial country in Central Africa. In swampy areas the very thick soil is constantly nourished by humus, the organic material resulting from the decomposition of plant or animal matter. Traveler, Abongi Gael Bokongo, shares how fleeing a civil war with his family shaped how he travels the world. Following the overthrow of Mobutu in 1997, the country’s name prior to 1971, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, was reinstated. Congolese singers have become known internationally: the Franco-Congolese rapper Passi's work is broadcast in France, and he has released several hit albums, such as Temptations, with the famous song "I zap and I mate." Economic reform efforts continued with the support of international organizations, notably the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. It is also bounded by Gabon to the west, Cameroon and the Central African Republic to the north, and Cabinda (Angola) to the southwest. All rights reserved. It is the largest country in sub-Saharan Africa. High plateaus border almost every other side of the central basin. Along this zone the trade winds originating in the Northern and Southern hemispheres meet, forcing unstable tropical air aloft.  In 2005 net primary enrollment rate was 44%, a significant drop from the 79% in 1991. The group Bisso Na Bisso and Casimir Zao are also notable. International observers took issue with the organization of the presidential election and the constitutional referendum, both of which were reminiscent in their organization of Congo's era of the one-party state. Democratic Republic Of The Congo Bordering Countries: The country has universities. Agence Nationale pour la Promotion It has a short coast on the Atlantic Ocean. The Central African Republic, Zambia, Angola, Burundi, The Congo, Rwanda, South Sudan, Uganda, Tanzania. It is the largest country in sub-Saharan Africa. It is the second largest country on the continent; only Algeria is larger. Union's commitment to a sustainable exploitation of natural resources. The snow-covered peaks of the Ruwenzori Range between Lakes Albert and Edward lie astride the Ugandan border and mark the country’s highest elevation of 16,763 feet (5,109 metres) at Margherita Peak. , Congo's democratic progress was derailed in 1997, when Lissouba and Sassou started to fight for power in the civil war. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. , As of 2010[update], the maternal mortality rate was 560 deaths/100,000 live births, and the infant mortality rate was 59.34 deaths/1,000 live births. Mount Nyiragongo, an active volcano, is situated in the Virunga Mountains, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Congo's economy is heavily dependent on the oil sector, and economic growth has slowed considerably since the post-2015 drop in oil prices.
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