There is also a largely discredited theory suggesting that European migration to the Americas may have been accomplished by the late Upper Paleolithic period, c. 12,000 years ago. Columbus found Cuba later that month, and in December his crew landed on Hispanola, where he established a colony with 39 of his men before returning to Spain with Native captives he called "Indians.". John Vanderlyn / Wikimedia Commons / Public Domain. The Sun website is regulated by the Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO). Columbus' legacy of exploration has been marred by his brutal and violent treatment of Native people. Our journalists strive for accuracy but on occasion we make mistakes. The premise of his voyage was to find a quicker way to reach Asia without having to sail around the coast of Africa or make a dangerous journey over land. This is unfortunate because much of what happened during the 284-year colonial period (1492–1776) has had a profound impact on the U.S. approach to civil rights. Will 5G Impact Our Cell Phone Plans (or Our Health?! The navigator stumbled across America in 1492 after setting sail from Spain with a crew of three ships: the Niña, the Pinta, and the Santa María. Although he's best known for "discovering" North America, it's a common misconception - Columbus actually set foot in South America when he arrived in the New World. By the time Columbus arrived, the Americas were populated by hundreds of small nations and several full-out empires such as the Inca in Peru and the Aztecs in Mexico. Before Norse Viking Leif Eriksson or Columbus stumbled across North America, Indigenous people referred to the landmass as Turtle Island, according to The Canadian Encyclopedia. For further details of our complaints policy and to make a complaint please click here. He technically did not discover America, as the Vikings had been in Newfoundland, Canada, four centuries prior to Columbus' journey. Activists and Indigenous people around the country argue that Columbus represents genocide and slavery. They did set up permanent settlements in Iceland and Greenland, but they ran into difficulties because they were unfamiliar with the local crops, and the lands were already settled by people the Vikings called "skraelings" who didn't welcome the newcomers. Charlotte Crosby goes make-up free as she checks on her mansion renovations, Smitten Mark Wright says his wife Michelle Keegan's beauty is 'ridiculous', You could claim back £124 if you've worked just ONE day from home during pandemic, Universal Credit rule change to help those losing out when paid twice in a month, Khabib arrives for UFC 254 bout against Gaethje looking like Bane from Batman, ©News Group Newspapers Limited in England No. If you're studying the history of American civil liberties, odds are good that your textbook will start at 1776 and move forward from there. We know of his famous journey across the Atlantic, but here's more on Columbus and when he reached the New World. No. The colonizer shipped and sold enslaved Tainos to Spain and saw indigenous people in the areas he visited as "obstacles.". The Controversy Over Columbus Day Celebrations, Biography of Christopher Columbus, Italian Explorer, The Second Voyage of Christopher Columbus, Why Americans Once Gave the 'Bellamy Salute', A Timeline of North American Exploration, 1492-1585, La Navidad: First European Settlement in the Americas, The Fourth Voyage of Christopher Columbus, Leif Erikson: First European in North America, The Early Years of the Modern American Economy, The Most Important Inventions of the Industrial Revolution, Ph.D., Religion and Society, Edith Cowan University, M.A., Humanities, California State University - Dominguez Hills. He also explored the Central and South American coasts, according to the Washington Post. When Did Christopher Columbus Discover America. Why Didn't the Norse Create Permanent Settlements? The viceroy decimated the Taino population on Hispanola - of the roughly 250,000 Tainos living on the island upon his arrival, only a few hundred remained within 60 years of his landing, HISTORY says. By the time Columbus arrived, the Americas were populated by hundreds of small nations and several full-out empires such as the Inca in Peru and the Aztecs in Mexico. As Suzanne Benally, the former executive director of Cultural Survival, puts it: Christopher Columbus did not discover America, and there is no good reason to keep pretending that he did.
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