Director Paul Schrader's latest film First Reformed is an bold atmospheric character study, of a pastor struggling with the reality of modern political issues, while battling his own demons. Then, if that shot, if that scene, if that project needs movement, then he motivates away from there and decides what movement is necessary. Something about the pacing, or awkwardly done jumps in character-change, or the way Hawke's character was acting in regards to his medical issues, or some combination of a bunch of different factors not fitting together quite the right way, but, it just didn't ring true to me for some reason. Even though the film is ultimately about letting go of sentimentality, I wanted the images to have a sentimental quality. According to USA Today and a 1968 Harris poll, he died with a public disapproval rating of 75%. I see it as a sign of bad direction, or a lack of restraint. Then the director told us that’s what should be happening while the other person is still saying their line. It is not a film that leaves you without an opinion. Can we talk about what an awesome opportunity this role is for Hawke? Coupled with Dynan’s centered framing, it allows the characters to be physically smaller in the frame itself - emphasizing their relative helplessness and destitute in the face of far-reaching societal issues the film discusses. For me, what makes Son of Saul a masterpiece is exactly 4:3 and it's function. It’s a subtle difference, and I doubt I would be able to tell 1.33 apart from 1.375, but being well researched about seemingly minor facts like these is essential. An ex-con and radical environmentalist, Michael is so terrified by the implications of global warming that he wants Mary to abort their unborn child, rather than bring an innocent soul into a world swiftly headed for its next mass extinction. The Times endorses one incumbent and three newcomers for the Los Angeles Community College District Board of Trustees. Though with all due respect, we went through all this. As for the directing/cinematography style, I felt like I pretty quickly understood the vibe they were trying to convey with all those constant stationary-tripod wide-angle shots with setting up a bunch of the shots to be all creepily ultra-symmetrical and neat and tidy and silent, to where the silence and neatness (especially combined with a sort of monk-like central character in those visuals) made for a quiet-but-in-a-tense-way rather than quiet-in-a-calm/relaxing-way kind of a vibe. But for Toller, the faith of those early founders, who once used their chapel to shelter slaves fleeing north along the Underground Railroad, stands in stark contrast to the slick, corporatized hypocrisy of the modern American church — an institution that has betrayed its believers, its mission and, above all, the Earth over which God decreed that man should have dominion. What stories work best with a 4:3 aspect ratio? In my experiences in the theatre, most if not all of the directors I’ve worked with have compelled everyone to eliminate all pauses and beats that were not specifically added by the director. You may occasionally receive promotional content from the Los Angeles Times. This is common in fact. It’s about Macron’s centrist administration - as well as the rich elite and corporations that he represents - ignoring the working class. The holocaust film Son of Saul uses it really well to omit some information. Didn't go in to that movie expecting the cinematography to hold that much influence over the film. According to the International Gas Agency, before the new tax, gas in France costs an estimated $5.89 USD per gallon. This brings up an interesting conversation regarding the motivation of camera movement. And yea, I know they then argue that they've already tried using words and it didn't work. Whenever I see an intimate drama film or dialogue based comedy light on visual storytelling shot with a 2.35:1 aspect ratio, I usually find the film has no reason to justify the aspect ratio. Dynan captured First Reformed on an Arri Alexa SXT, framing for the 1.33:1 aspect ratio with Arri Master Prime lenses, restricting himself to no more than three focal lengths. I think directors who use 4:3 are definitely going for a more intimate feel. Andrea Arnold does this really well Fish Tank was where she first used it, and has used it in Wuthering Heights and in American Honey. A look at California’s November ballot propositions. The minister takes some solace in his regular interactions with Mary, a gentle soul who shares her husband’s activism if not his fatalism, even as he pushes away Esther (Victoria Hill), a church choir director who carries a torch for him, but earns only his irritation in return. And on a practical level, it’s just not feasible for working class people to “just drive less” in a country with underdeveloped public transit outside of major metro areas - forcing working people to drive further and further distances as they are displaced from the city centers due to the rising cost of rent. ‘Borat Subsequent Moviefilm’ finds everyone’s favorite vulgar Kazakh journalist returning to the U.S. for the first time in over a decade, and things get ... political. The complete list of L.A. Times’ endorsements in the November 2020 election. As crazy of a character as it was, it still felt real, and you could picture all that stuff going down in real life the way it did in that movie. Why can’t you just protest the way the system you’re protesting wants you to protest? The opening shot of this film is a rare one - a dolly. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts, https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCayv3vxahFLvpjG0vzHp9cg. So, I don't care how 100.0% certain your side (or the other side) is about being in the right, I will never feel that fanatic terrorism/violence is the right way to go. With First Reformed, Schrader has made a film that will be discussed with love or scorn depending on which things get to you in the film. Filmmakers are waking up to the idea that aspect ratio plays a vital role in the experience of viewing a film. The film is about settlers in Oregon in the 19th century. 2.35:1 is really good for capturing wide landscapes, 1.85:1 is great for films with a vertical element that use the wider screen for blocking, 1.33:1 is really great for close ups; these obviously aren't the only advantages to each aspect ratio, but I think they're notable ones. I've actually started to look at how aspect ratios suit certain films more closely. Ultimately, two questions make themselves evident: is self-defense ethical, and at what point does it become okay to fight back? We talked about all the different kinds of camera movement, from the tripod, to the dolly, trucking with literal tracks, the crane, jib, a shoulder rig, a brushless gimbal like a MOVI, and the steadicam itself. My issue with the movie was that it seemed sort of "confused", for lack of a better word (about itself and its own themes), and just didn't ring really ring true to me as a story/character for whatever reason. First Reformed was framed for a 1.375:1 aspect ratio, which (surprisingly enough) is not 4:3, and 4:3 is not the academy ratio! The leaders of Abundant Life plan to celebrate the 250th anniversary of First Reformed with a reconsecration ceremony, a chance to fire up the rusty old organ and hallow these halls anew, in memory of those who built them centuries ago. Well, too bad. Here are the Los Angeles Times’ editorial board endorsements for president, California ballot measures and more. See, the vast majority of this film is locked down to a tripod, and even then, there’s not a whole lot of panning or tilting - a major departure from just about anything you’ll see in the multiplex right now. How to vote. It’s 1.33:1, the classic Academy ratio. Jacqueline Stewart, University of Chicago historian and first Black host of TCM’s “Silent Sunday Nights,” leads exhibitions, programming and education. They could also intend to make the viewer feel cramped or a bit claustrophobic. "First Reformed," starring Ethan Hawke, is director Paul Schrader's finest work in years. This is a uniquely cinematic performance; by cinematic I don’t mean epic or operatic, rather cinematic in this sense means that this performance could only live on the silver screen. To put out a 4:3 movie today is a disgrace and sarcastic. Literally, the scope of the film did not go beyond him.” But there are substantial challenges when working within such an aspect ratio - namely, screen real estate: there’s less room to play with negative space and the extremes of the frame. I always feel like films that shoot in 4:3 are especially well blocked and framed, because smaller space means you have to go the extra mile to pack in your characters and the accompanying mise en scene. Well, one thing I didn't see anyone mention that you might want to consider - many films are shot 4/3 with matting to wide aspect. With “First Reformed,” his artistic resurrection is complete, and the arc of his formidable, erratic career snaps curiously into focus.