Create a commenting name to join the debate, There are no Independent Premium comments yet - be the first to add your thoughts, There are no comments yet - be the first to add your thoughts. “My colleague Michele Massa and I rushed straight there, and we could see it still sticking out of the water, so we jumped right down into the canal – up to our waists wading around,” said Assistant Professor of Anatolian Archaeology James Osborne of the Oriental Institute at the University of Chicago. But with this newly discovered stone (aka a stele), which was dated by linguists as having been written around the 8th century BCE, scientists now believe that the settlement of Türkmen-Karahöyük was once Hartapu's capital city. Please refresh the page and try again. Midas seemed to be a thorn in Sargon's side, constantly trying to provoke satellite kingdoms to rise up against their Assyrian rulers. This inscription isn't the first mention of King Hartapu. By The written language, made up of hieroglyphic symbols native to ancient Turkey, is read in alternating sequences from right to left and left to right. It allows our most engaged readers to debate the big issues, share their own experiences, discuss real-world solutions, and more. When the archaeologists examined it, they quickly identified the ancient language as Luwian, a language common in the area during the late Bronze Age. Murals were found in this room, A view of the southern portion of the palace, “Right away it was clear it was ancient, and we recognised the script it was written in: Luwian, the language used in the Bronze and Iron ages in the area.”. The stone also provides answers for a long-standing mystery: Less than 10 miles to the south of the ancient city is a volcano with a well-known inscription in hieroglyphics. Hieroglyphs etched in stone suggest the rulers of the civilisation may have conquered the kingdom ruled by King Midas, the legendary ancient ruler said to have a golden touch. You can also choose to be emailed when someone replies to your comment. Inscriptions on the stone, dating back to the 8th century B.C. A local farmer discovered this stone half-submerged in an irrigation canal in Turkey. You can find our Community Guidelines in full here. Start your Independent Premium subscription today. Please continue to respect all commenters and create constructive debates. But most interestingly, the translated inscription tells the story of a kingdom formerly not known to historians. (Image credit: Photo courtesy of James Osborne). For example, stories of an ancient goldfinger are obviously tall tales, but as with ancient Greek legends about even more ancient kings, there's usually a spark of truth at the center of it. The lost kingdom was one of the largest settlements to exist in ancient Turkey at the time. The stone tells the story of King Hartapu’s conquest of the nearby kingdom of Muska, better known as Phrygia – home to King Midas. All rights reserved. "Right away it was clear it was ancient, and we recognized the script it was written in: Luwian, the language used in the Bronze and Iron ages in the area," James Osborne, an archeologist and assistant professor of Anatolian Archeology at the University of Chicago, said in the statement. In the summer of 2019, archaeologists working at the ancient Turkish settlement of Türkmen-Karahöyük got an exciting piece of news from a farmer who lived in the area. Though that sounds tiny compared with modern cities, it was actually one of the largest settlements to exist in ancient Turkey at the time. ", Ancient 'lost' civilization discovered in Turkey, © 2020 Grunge.com. The name of the kingdom is unclear, but its capital city was likely located at what is now the nearby archeological site of Turkmen-Karahoyuk. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer. Just under 10 miles (16 kilometers) south, archeologists previously discovered hieroglyphic inscriptions on a volcano that referred to King Hartapu. Are you sure you want to mark this comment as inappropriate? The nearby archaeological dig was at a site called Türkmen-Karahöyük, a large Bronze and Iron Age mounded settlement that was occupied between about 3500 and 100 BC, and identified as a major archaeological site in 2017. The stone tells the story of an ancient kingdom that defeated Phrygia, which was ruled by King Midas. © told the story of an ancient lost civilization in Turkey. Receive mail from us on behalf of our trusted partners or sponsors? The newly discovered city likely had its capital located at Turkmen-Karahoyuk, an archeological mound in southern Turkey (shown here). 25 February 2020. Inscriptions on a volcano near the site of the submerged block also mentioned Hartapu, but they gave no other details. "In a flash, we had profound new information on the Iron Age Middle East." Similar to the proposed dating for the King Hartapu stele, this drama took place during the late 8th century BCE. Our journalists will try to respond by joining the threads when they can to create a true meeting of independent Premium. Independent Premium Comments can be posted by members of our membership scheme, Independent Premium. Related: Photos: Ancient basilica found beneath Turkey lake. Want an ad-free experience?Subscribe to Independent Premium. He said it was “a marvellous, incredibly lucky find”. The inscription on the stone boasted of a king named Hartapu and his victory in battle over the kingdom of Phrygia, most famous for the myths surrounding one of its rulers: King Midas. You know, the guy who allegedly turned everything he touched into gold. Future US, Inc. 11 West 42nd Street, 15th Floor, Thank you for signing up to Live Science. In the end they seemed to settle as frenemies, with a peace treaty drawn up between the two kings, but one that stipulated that Midas pay regular tribute to Sargon. Please be respectful when making a comment and adhere to our Community Guidelines. Stay up to date on the coronavirus outbreak by signing up to our newsletter today. Written and presented in a style that makes even the most complex subjects interesting and easy to understand, How It Works is enjoyed by readers of all ages. Are you sure you want to delete this comment? One part of the stone read, "The storm gods delivered the [opposing] kings to his majesty.". It's still not clear how King Hartapu fits into this Bronze Age drama, but James Osborne, one of the archaeologists who worked on the stele and who plans to return to dig for more evidence, told UChicago News, "This stele was a marvelous, incredibly lucky find — but it's just the beginning. The most insightful comments on all subjects will be published daily in dedicated articles. It refers to a King Hartapu, but no one knew who he was – or what kingdom he ruled. Plus, the discovery can help researchers parse out the fact from fiction for this mythical period of history, especially when it comes to King Midas. and at its height, it likely covered around 300 acres (120 hectares). The lost kingdom likely existed between the ninth and seventh centuries B.C. Ancient 'lost' civilisation uncovered by archaeologists in Turkey, A mysterious “lost kingdom” dating to between 900 – 600BC has been discovered after a chance find by archaeologists in, Hieroglyphs etched in stone suggest the rulers of the civilisation may have conquered the kingdom ruled by King Midas, the legendary, An international team of researchers were working on a significant archaeological dig in, “My colleague Michele Massa and I rushed straight there, and we could see it still sticking out of the water, so we jumped right down into the canal – up to our waists wading around,”, The nearby archaeological dig was at a site called Türkmen-Karahöyük, a large Bronze and, Ancient ‘shrine’ to Rome’s legendary founding father unearthed, Secrets of ancient society revealed after stone found during roadworks, Scientists uncover evidence of ancient human ‘ghost population’, Scientists release audio recreation of ancient Egyptian’s voice, You may not agree with our views, or other users’, but please respond to them respectfully, Swearing, personal abuse, racism, sexism, homophobia and other discriminatory or inciteful language is not acceptable, Do not impersonate other users or reveal private information about third parties, We reserve the right to delete inappropriate posts and ban offending users without notification. Want to bookmark your favourite articles and stories to read or reference later? A room in Kemune palace during excavations, A terrace wall on the western side of Kemune palace, Excavations on the shore of the reservoir. The stone revealed the story of an ancient, lost civilization that may have defeated King Midas' kingdom of Phrygia in the late eighth century B.C., according to new findings. There was a problem. "We had no idea about this kingdom," Osborne said.
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